If you are pregnant and you wonder if you can have a glass of wine or an alcoholic drink without affecting the health of the baby and yours, you may receive many opinions about it and you could be confused.
Some doctors recommend that you avoid it completely during pregnancy. Others suggest that the occasional light alcoholic beverage does not necessarily affect the baby's health. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions.
How much alcohol can I drink while pregnant?
There is no way to know how much alcohol is “safe” for you and your child during pregnancy. Some experts indicate that it could have long-term risks in the development of the baby. What is certain is that the more you take, the risks increase.
Many health professionals recommend completely avoiding consumption during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, as the risks of suffering a loss are increased. In some cases, it has also been linked to premature birth. If you decide to drink, it's important that the maximum limit is two units, no more than once a week and never so much that you feel the effects of drunkenness.
What are the most severe risks?
Being intoxicated or drinking alcohol regularly while pregnant can cause serious harm to the baby. When we talk about drinking regularly, we mean more than six glasses of alcohol in a single session.
Every time you drink an alcoholic drink, the alcohol goes right into your blood. Once it's in your blood system, it can reach your baby through the placenta. As you increase the amount of alcoholic beverages, your baby's risk of developmental and lifelong problems increases. These problems range from fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (TEAF), fetal alcohol syndrome, nervous system problems, among others.
What is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (TEAF)?
It is characterized by cognitive and behavioral problems, which are caused by abnormalities in the structure of the brain. The development of this organ has not been completed as it should, which causes physical and behavioral problems to appear, such as:
– Learning and memory difficulties
– Difficulty controlling emotions
– Difficulty following instructions
– Difficulty for socialization and full communication
– Difficulty performing daily activities such as dressing or eating.
If I drank alcohol in my previous pregnancy and nothing happened, can I do it again?
Every pregnancy is different. Drinking alcoholic beverages can affect the development of one more than another. The age of the mother, the environment, the diet and the emotional context also play an important role in leading a calm and problem-free pregnancy.
What do I do if I have drunk alcohol without knowing that I was pregnant?
The most important thing is to stop your intake immediately. You will feel better and your baby will have a great chance of being born without any complications. If you are trying to get pregnant, don't drink alcohol. You may not know that you are pregnant quickly and this can harm the health of the baby even if it is less than 2 months old.
Each case is different, if you are thinking about the possibility of having a light alcoholic drink while pregnant, it is best to consult your obstetrician so that he can recommend what is best for both of your health and so that you have a pregnancy without complications.